Soft Water Science Simplified

soft waterWhat Is Soft Water?

Soft water is natural or treated water that contains no or a very low amount of minerals such as calcium and magnesium. Rainwater starts out as soft water but, as it travels underground and through various water ways to get to your home, it typically picks up different unwanted minerals along the way, resulting in hard water. The amount of minerals that are in a home’s water varies depending on where you live. Although most hard water is not harmful to your health, the significant amount of minerals it contains can pose serious problems to your plumbing, appliances, as well as dry out your skin and nails. Luckily, there are ways to eliminate hard water so that these issues do not have to be a concern for your family. The best and easiest way to treat hard water and ensure soft water is in your home is by purchasing a water softener.


How Do Water Softeners Work?

Water softeners exchange the calcium and magnesium ions found in hard water with sodium or potassium ions. When hard water goes through a water softener, it passes through small plastic beads that are coated with the sodium or potassium that eliminate the calcium and magnesium ions.  This removes the presence and buildup of scales in water heaters, boilers, and pipes. It also makes soap much easier to lather so that you don’t have to waste soap, your dishes come out of the dishwasher spotless, your bathtub isn’t coated in soap scum, and your washing machine works more efficiently.

How Is Soft Water Maintained?

Overtime, the beads in the water softener become coated with calcium, magnesium and other harmful minerals and dirt that are found in hard water. When this occurs, it is important to regenerate the beads by flushing out the calcium, magnesium and other unwanted minerals with brine. This will restore the sodium ion coated beads so that your water softener can effectively do its job.

If you have hard water in your home, don’t wait to invest in a water softener. A water softener will save you from potential pipe and appliance repairs as well as decrease energy costs on your water appliances.

If you are not sure whether your home has hard or soft water, there are several ways to check including DIY tests or a water evaluation by a water treatment specialist. Also, doing some research on your specific city’s water quality will give you an idea of your home’s water hardness.

For more information about your water, call Superior Water & Air to perform a free water evaluation at your home! Contact us at 303-800-2410 or schedule an appointment online!